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定语从句引导词that和which的区别

发布时间:2019-07-07 11:09

关系代词用that,只用that不用which,none,no以及由no构成的复合词时,everything,anything,指物只能用which.当先行词被形容词最高级或序数词修饰时,much,little.。当先行词有两个或两个以上时关系代词用that不用which。当先行词是all,也可指物,非限制性定语从句中指人或指物不可用that。当关系代词前面有介词时,不论是限制性定语从句还是非限制性定语从句which在定语从句中只能指物,非限制性定语从句中指物只能用which。that既可指人

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that在定语从句和宾语从句中都不是万能的,它在定语从句中既可作主语,也可以作宾语,既可指人,也可以指物,其用法如下:
1. 先行词为疑问词who或which时,限制性定语从句的关系代词只能用that引导。
Who that has seen the photos of starving children doesn't want to help them?
那些看见过饥饿小孩的照片的人有谁不想要帮助他们呢?
Who that you have seen can beat him in chess?
你看过有谁能在棋艺上打败他?
Which was the bag that you left on the train?
哪一个是你忘在火车上的包呢?
2. 但先行词为that、those时,定语从句只能用who、which来引导。
What's that which you asked for?
你要的是什么?
Chance favors only those who know how to court her.
机会只会青睐那些懂得如何掌握它的人。
3. 关系代词紧接在介系词后面时,不能用who或that,只能用宾格的which或whom(即关系代词该用谁就用谁)。
The woman of whom you are speaking is our principal.
你提到的那位女士,是我们的校长。
The train for which I am waiting is now half an hour late.
我等的那班火车目前已经迟了半小时了。
This is the new desk, the book on which is hers.
这是新桌子,桌子上的书是她的。
4. 如果先行词是不定代词,关系代词只能用that。
All that students have to do is study hard.
学生们必须做的事情就是用功读书。
Does "whisper" mean saying something that is not clear?
whisper的意思是说一些听不清楚的话吗?
She hates everything that is modern.
她恨任何现代的东西。
I won't go to any university or college that is located in the suburbs.
我不会考任何在郊区的大学。
5. 如果先行词前出现了形容词最高级、the only、the very、the same和序数词,引导限制性定语从句的关系代词只能用that。
He is the only person that was present at the time.
他是那时唯一在场的人。
Today is the coldest day that we have experienced.
今天是我们经历过的最寒冷的一天。
Is this the very first aerobics class that you have ever attended?
这是你上的第一次有氧运动课吗?
The last thing that I want to do is to learn English.
我最不愿意做的事情就是学英语。
6. 在非限制性定语从句中,则不能用that,而要用who或which,作宾语用的代词也不省略,which引导的定语从句可以修饰前面的整个主句。
I, who am your best friend, will certainly help you.
我是你最好的朋友,肯定会帮助你。
My father fell ill on May 2, 2010, which ended my dream to go to college.
我父亲于2010年5月2日突然生病,使我的大学梦想结束。
I told him to go to a doctor, which advice he took.
我叫他去看医生,他听取了我的劝告。
She is studying English, which language is very important in the twenty-first century.
她在学英语,这门语言在21世纪很重要。
James was seriously sick, which she didn't know.
詹姆斯病得很重,她并不知道。
They thought him dull, which he wasn't.
他们认为他很笨,但实际上他并不笨。

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区别是:
从句中缺地点状语,用where或介词+which引导。如:
Please put the letter on the desk where /on which he can easily find it.
先行词是物时,其引导词可用 which也可用that,通常情况下二者可互换,但在有些情况下不能。
1.用which不用that引导定语从句的三种情况:
①非限制性定语从句用which,不用that引导。如:
Football,which is a very interesting game,is played all over the world.
②先行词为that时,为了避免重 复,定语从句用which不用that引导。如:
That which you borrowed from me wasn't a real diamond necklace.
③介词后用which不用that引导。如:
The method with which you solved the problem is very good.
2.用that不用which的七种情况:
①先行词前有形容词最高级或序数词修饰时,用 that不用which引导。如:
This is the best place that I have ever visited.
The second question that is asked is why we don't fall off the earth.
②先行词为little,much,all,none,few,(the)one, something,everything,nothing,anything等不定代词时,用that引导。如:
There is nothing in the world that can frighten him.
③先行词既有指人的名词又有指物的名词时,用 that引导。如:
He told us about the people and the cities that he had visited.
④先行词前有any,all,no,few,every,some,little, much,(the)very,(the)only,(the)last等词修饰时,用 that引导。如:
This is the very coat that I need.
Is oxygen the only gas that helps fire burn?
⑤先行词为which时,为了避免重复,用that引导。如:
Which is the book that you bought yesterday?
⑥先行词在从句中作表语时,常用that引导。如:
Shanghai is no longer the city that it used to be in the 1930's.
⑦当主句是There be...句型时,用that引导。
There are two tickets for the film that are for you two.

回复:

1.当先行词是nothing, something, anything, all, each等不定代词时。e.g. Do you have anything that is important to tell me?2.当先行词被all, any, some, no, not, every, each等修饰时。   e.g.  I have some books that ar...

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which在定语从句中只能指物,非限制性定语从句中指物只能用which。that既可指人,也可指物,非限制性定语从句中指人或指物不可用that。当关系代词前面有介词时,不论是限制性定语从句还是非限制性定语从句,指物只能用which.当先行词被形容词最...

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that在定语从句和宾语从句中都不是万能的,它在定语从句中既可作主语,也可以作宾语,既可指人,也可以指物,其用法如下: 1. 先行词为疑问词who或which时,限制性定语从句的关系代词只能用that引导。 Who that has seen the photos of starving...

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that与which区别主要在于: 1. 引导非限制性定语从句时,通常要用which: The current, which is very rapid, makes the river dangerous. 水流湍急,使这条河很危险。 2. 直接放在介词后作宾语时,通常要用which: She may be late, in which c...

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